i. There was no uniform procurement system for the public sector as a whole
ii. It did not have sanctions or penalties against persons who breached the regulations in the Supplies Manual, other than internal disciplinary action. Consequently application of the rules was not strict and many of the norms were not followed
iii. The Supplies Manual did not cover procurement of works
iv. The dispute settlement mechanisms relating to the award procedures as set out in the manual were weak and unreliable for ensuring fairness and transparency
v. Records of procurement transactions in many cases were found to be inaccurate or incomplete or absent, which led to suspicions of dishonest dealings at the tender boards.
The systems had other institutional weaknesses that not only undermined its capacity for carrying out their mandates effectively but also led to a public perception that the public sector was not getting maximum value for money spent on procurement.
In view of the above shortcomings, it was found necessary to have a law to govern the procurement system in the public sector and to establish the necessary institutions to ensure that all procurement entities observe the provisions of the law for the purpose of attaining the objectives of an open tender system in the sector.
Consequently the establishment of the Exchequer and Audit (Public Procurement) Regulations 2001 which created the Public Procurement Directorate (PPD) and the Public Procurement Complaints, Review and Appeals Board (PPCRAB). The PPD and PPCRAB, though largely independent in carrying out their activities, had been operating as departments in the Ministry of Finance on which they relied for staff, facilities and funding. Since these institutional arrangements have a potential for undermining the impartiality of these bodies in the long run it was found necessary to create an oversight body whose existence was based on a law.
The Public Procurement and Disposal Act, 2005 was thus enacted and it became operational on 1st January, 2007 with the gazettement of the Public Procurement and Disposal Regulations, 2006.
In January 2016, the Public Procurement and Asset Disposal Act, 2015 (the Act) was enacted. This massively changed the mandate of the Public Procurement Oversight Authority (PPOA) as it largely assumed the regulatory function which then transited to Public Procurement Regulatory Authority (PPRA). The Act establishes the Public Procurement Regulatory Authority among other functions, to monitor, assess and review the public procurement and Asset Disposal system to ensure they respect the National values and other provisions including Article 227 of the constitution on public procurement.
A vibrant procurement and disposal system for attainment of Kenya’s Vision 2030
To facilitate access to procurement opportunities by enabling regulation that fosters value for money for national socio-economic development.
• Customer focus